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古玩城2021精品推荐:洪武通宝花钱

2021-07-21 来源:未知

明代初期,明太祖朱元璋于洪武元年(公元1368年),命京城(南京)工部宝源局及各省宝泉局铸行“洪武通宝”,由工部主管铸钱,下设宝源局。朱元璋为避讳元朝的元字,把所铸之钱钱文一律叫通宝而不叫元宝,而不只是为避讳他自己的名字,以后所铸之钱也都没有元宝钱文。

In the early Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, ordered Baoyuan Bureau of the Ministry of industry of the capital city (Nanjing) and Baoquan bureaus of all provinces to cast "Hongwu Tongbao" in 1368 A.D., and the Ministry of industry was in charge of the casting of coins, and the Baoyuan Bureau was set up under it. In order to avoid the yuan characters of Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang called all the money inscriptions cast by Zhu Yuanzhang as Tongbao instead of Yuanbao, not just to avoid his own name. Later, no coin was cast with Yuanbao.

洪武通宝钱制沿续元末朱元璋所铸“大中通宝”的形制,分为五等,规定小平钱,每文重一钱,折二钱重二钱,当三钱重三钱,当五钱重五钱,当十钱重一两。同时继铸大中通宝钱。洪武八年,发行“大明宝钞”纸币,规定大明宝钞每贯合铜钱一千文或值银一两,宝钞四贯合黄金一两。并且实行铜钱与宝钞并用的政策,但禁止金银流通,只能向政府兑换。明朝为推行纸币的流通,当年就停止了中央及各地方钱局的铸钱。到第二年全部停铸铜钱。

Hongwu Tongbao coin system is divided into five grades according to the shape of "Dazhong Tongbao" cast by Zhu Yuanzhang at the end of the Yuan Dynasty. It is stipulated that Xiaoping coin should weigh one coin per Wen, two coins if it is converted into two coins, three coins for three coins, five coins for five coins, and one or two for ten coins. At the same time, it continued to cast large and medium-sized Tongbao coins. In the eighth year of Hongwu, the "Daming Baochao" was issued. It was stipulated that each bank note of Daming Baochao was worth one thousand copper coins or one or two silver coins, and four precious banknotes were combined with one or two gold coins. In addition, the policy of combining copper coins with precious banknotes was implemented, but the circulation of gold and silver was prohibited and could only be exchanged with the government. In order to promote the circulation of paper money in the Ming Dynasty, the central and local money bureaus stopped casting money. In the next year, all copper coins were stopped.

在我国方孔圆钱的历史上,唐以前多以重量为货币名称,如半两、三铢、五铢等,唐以后则改称宝,如通宝、元宝、重宝等,前面再冠以年号、国号。而在钱币上即称宝又有记重,并有系统,能成套的方孔圆钱,当首推洪武通宝。

洪武通宝是明代开国皇帝洪武大帝朱元璋时期所铸造,是明朝的第一枚古钱币,也是中国历史上第一枚开国皇帝亲自督造的。由于当时社会原因,几次停铸铜币,禁止铜币流通,所以造成洪武通宝具有极大的历史研究价值以及经济价值!

In the history of Fangkong Round Money in China, before the Tang Dynasty mostly took the weight as the currency name, such as half two, three baht, five baht, etc. Later in the Tang Dynasty, it was renamed as treasure, such as Tongbao, ingot, heavy treasure, etc., with the annual number and national number. And in the coin, known as treasure and remember heavy, and has a system, can set of square hole round money, when the first push Hongwu Tongbao.

Hongwu Tongbao was cast during the reign of Zhu Yuanzhang, the founding Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. It was the first ancient coin of the Ming Dynasty and was also the first personally supervised by the founding emperor in Chinese history. Due to social reasons at that time, casting copper coins were stopped several times and banned from circulation, so Hon mo Hung Tongbao had great historical research value and economic value!

洪武通宝在外形设计上依旧采用外圆内方的设计,正面为雄壮有力的“洪武通宝”四字,上面是“洪”字,下面是“武”字,左边是“寶”字,右边是“通”字。对于洪武通宝反面的款式有多样式,根据历史研究发现,一共可以分为四种类型,六十一种款式。截至到目前,一共有五十八种款式被发现。大家最为熟悉的当属小平光背的版别非常多。但这枚牧童骑牛样式,因背面是一个牧童骑牛的图案,极其稀少,亦属罕见之品。这枚明代洪武牧童骑牛花钱背面牧童骑牛图,一个牧牛娃,头戴斗笠,骑在牛背之上,逍遥自在地吹着笛子,笛声悠扬悦耳,那牛儿摆动着尾巴,悠然自得,形象逼真,栩栩如生,十分有趣,令人爱不释手

In the appearance design, Samwutongbao still adopts the design of the inner circle, the front is the magnificent and powerful "Samwutongbao" four characters, above is the word "hong", below is the word "wu", the left is the word "treasure", and the right is the word "through". There are many styles of the reverse style of Hung, according to historical research, it can be divided into four types, sixty-one styles. So far, 58 styles have been discovered. The most familiar version is the small flat light back is very many. But this shepherd boy riding cattle style, because the back is a shepherd boy riding cattle pattern, extremely rare, is also a rare product. This Ming Dynasty Hongwu shepherd boy riding cattle money on the back of the shepherd boy riding cattle picture, a shepherd boy, wearing a hat, riding on the back of the cow, freely playing the flute, flute melodious, the cow swinging his tail, leisurely, vivid, lifelike, very interesting, fondly

目前发现的洪武牧童骑牛花钱,图案并非一种,牧童形态各异,钱的大小也不尽相同,就连牧童骑牛的图案,也有平面图和立体图案两种。但总的来说,目前发现的洪武牧童骑牛花钱数量较少,值得珍藏。具有历史性和纪念性钱币,具有极高的市场价值或收藏价值!

At present, Hongwu found shepherd boy riding cattle money, the pattern is not a kind, shepherd boy form is different, the size of money is not the same, even shepherd boy riding patterns, there are two plans and three-dimensional patterns. But in general, the number of Hongwu shepherd children found in riding cattle is less, which is worth collecting. Historic and commemorative coins, with a very high market value or collection value!