In the early Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty, ordered Baoyuan Bureau of the Ministry of industry of the capital city (Nanjing) and Baoquan bureaus of all provinces to cast "Hongwu Tongbao" in 1368 A.D., and the Ministry of industry was in charge of the casting of coins, and the Baoyuan Bureau was set up under it. In order to avoid the yuan characters of Yuan Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang called all the money inscriptions cast by Zhu Yuanzhang as Tongbao instead of Yuanbao, not just to avoid his own name. Later, no coin was cast with Yuanbao.
Hongwu Tongbao coin system is divided into five grades according to the shape of "Dazhong Tongbao" cast by Zhu Yuanzhang at the end of the Yuan Dynasty. It is stipulated that Xiaoping coin should weigh one coin per Wen, two coins if it is converted into two coins, three coins for three coins, five coins for five coins, and one or two for ten coins. At the same time, it continued to cast large and medium-sized Tongbao coins. In the eighth year of Hongwu, the "Daming Baochao" was issued. It was stipulated that each bank note of Daming Baochao was worth one thousand copper coins or one or two silver coins, and four precious banknotes were combined with one or two gold coins. In addition, the policy of combining copper coins with precious banknotes was implemented, but the circulation of gold and silver was prohibited and could only be exchanged with the government. In order to promote the circulation of paper money in the Ming Dynasty, the central and local money bureaus stopped casting money. In the next year, all copper coins were stopped.
In the history of Fangkong Round Money in China, before the Tang Dynasty mostly took the weight as the currency name, such as half two, three baht, five baht, etc. Later in the Tang Dynasty, it was renamed as treasure, such as Tongbao, ingot, heavy treasure, etc., with the annual number and national number. And in the coin, known as treasure and remember heavy, and has a system, can set of square hole round money, when the first push Hongwu Tongbao.
Hongwu Tongbao was cast during the reign of Zhu Yuanzhang, the founding Hongwu Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. It was the first ancient coin of the Ming Dynasty and was also the first personally supervised by the founding emperor in Chinese history. Due to social reasons at that time, casting copper coins were stopped several times and banned from circulation, so Hon mo Hung Tongbao had great historical research value and economic value!
In the appearance design, Samwutongbao still adopts the design of the inner circle, the front is the magnificent and powerful "Samwutongbao" four characters, above is the word "hong", below is the word "wu", the left is the word "treasure", and the right is the word "through". There are many styles of the reverse style of Hung, according to historical research, it can be divided into four types, sixty-one styles. So far, 58 styles have been discovered. The most familiar version is the small flat light back is very many. But this shepherd boy riding cattle style, because the back is a shepherd boy riding cattle pattern, extremely rare, is also a rare product. This Ming Dynasty Hongwu shepherd boy riding cattle money on the back of the shepherd boy riding cattle picture, a shepherd boy, wearing a hat, riding on the back of the cow, freely playing the flute, flute melodious, the cow swinging his tail, leisurely, vivid, lifelike, very interesting, fondly
At present, Hongwu found shepherd boy riding cattle money, the pattern is not a kind, shepherd boy form is different, the size of money is not the same, even shepherd boy riding patterns, there are two plans and three-dimensional patterns. But in general, the number of Hongwu shepherd children found in riding cattle is less, which is worth collecting. Historic and commemorative coins, with a very high market value or collection value!